A couple of the forensics applications are bash scripts that must be run from a shell terminal, while the rest have graphical interfaces. There is, for example, AIR (Automated Image & Rescue), which is actually a graphical frontend for dd and dc3dd. dd id a file converter and copier, while dc3dd is dd enhanced with features for digital forensics – on-the-fly hashing, split output files, pattern writing, progress meter, and file verification. The main interface of AIR is shown below.
Another interesting application in CAINE 3 is Autopsy, a browser interface to the command-line tools available in The Sleuth Kit (TSK). TSK, designed for investigative analysis of disk images, is powerful stuff, and there is a version called Sleuth Kit Hadoop, which integrates TSK into a Hadoop cluster. It was initially funded by the US Army Intelligence Center of Excellence (USAICoE).
These applications may be accessed individually, or you can use a graphical application called Caine interface, which provides a single-hop interface for using the installed forensic applications. The next five screen shots show the windows of the Caine interface:
This is the main interface. Pressing Create Report prompts you for authentication.
Upon successful authentication, you then see this:
The Collection tab.
Aside from the Caine interface, all the other applications are already in the repository of your favorite distribution, but the Caine interface just makes the distribution a lot easier to use for what it is designed for. So like BackTrack, CAINE is one of those distributions you might want to dual-boot with your regular distribution on an external drive or install in a virtual environment, if you are interested in digital forensics.
Resources: You may download a 32-bit installation image of CAINE 3 from here (there is no 64-bit installation image). A complete list of applications, both forensics-specific and standard, installed on CAINE 3, is available here.
Screen Shots: More screen shots from a test installation of CAINE 3.0.
CAINE 3′s GRUB menu.